Globalism and Trade Barriers.

GLOBALISM AND TRADE BARRIERS. PROF. DR. DARCY CARVALHO. FEAUSP. SÃO PAULO. BRAZIL. 2016

GLOBALIZAÇÃO E BARREIRAS DE ACESSO AOS MERCADOS NACIONAIS

01 DIRETRIZES DO GOVERNO BRASILEIRO: A NOVA POLÍTICA EXTERIOR DO BRASIL 2016

Ministro das Relações Exteriores Discurso do Ministro José Serra por ocasião da cerimônia de transmissão do cargo de ministro de estado das Relações Exteriores – Brasília, 18 de maio de 2016


02 WILHEM VON HORNICK. AUSTRIA OVER ALL. AUSTRIA ÜBER ALLES, WENN ES NUR WILL
Nine simple, self-evident, mercantilist rules for assuring a sane, self-sufficient and full-employment economy, with a treasure overflowing with gold.
03 CHARLES LINDBERGH'S AMERICA FIRST: THE ANTI-WAR MOVEMENT
“To take care of our own is the number one American obligation. The destiny of America, certainly is not either to reform or to police the world.” Senator Gerald Nye of North Dakota."The United States is better situated from a military standpoint than any other nation in the world. Even in our present condition of unpreparedness no foreign power is in a position to invade us today. If we concentrate on our own defenses and build the strength that this nation should maintain, no foreign army will ever attempt to land on American shores." Charles Lindbergh.
04 AMERICA FIRST BY DONALD J. TRUMP: MAKING AMERICA GREAT AGAIN

In his speech before The National Interest Magazine and its parent institution, The Center for the National Interest, and invited guests, the presumptive GOP nominee for President of the United States articulated five important criticisms of American foreign policy: the nation’s resources are overextended; many of our allies aren’t paying their fair share; our friends fear they can’t depend on us; our rivals no longer respect us – and the country doesn’t have clear foreign policy goals. 

05 BREXIT: THE UNITED KINGDOM IS LEAVING THE EUROPEAN UNION. O REINO UNIDO E SUA RETIRADA DA UNIÃO EUROPEIA.

The decison taken by the Brittons to leave the European Union, after more then forty years of full finantial, economic and military participation, must be reckonned as one of the most important political facts in the history of the Western Hemisphere. If the separation takes place in the following two years of sour negotiations, it will be an event similar in consequences to that of the sudden fall of the Soviet Union. These two events can be taken as milestones in the Western History and as the definitive burial of the socialist utopias kindled during and after the ninteenth century. Since 2012, the House of Commons Foreign Affairs Commitee produced important documents about the costs and benefits of the European Union for the UK. We reproduce below the RESEARCH PAPER 13/42 (1 July 2013) a hundred pages analysis on the consequences of a British withdrawal. A saida do Reino Unido da União Europeia representa um rude golpe à utópica concepção de um estado europeu supranacional, em que as nações participantes renunciam a uma parcela considerável de sua soberania nacional em troca de uma esperada maior segurança econômica. A queda da União Soviética e o esfacelamento da União Europeia são dois fatos relacionados que marcam um ponto decisivo na história do Ocidente.


06 HOUSE OF COMMONS LIBRARY. LEAVING THE EU. PUBLISHED MONDAY. JULY 1, 2013

Quote:

The Treaty on European Union provides for a Member State to leave the EU, either on the basis of a negotiated withdrawal agreement or without one. If the UK were to leave the EU following a referendum, it is likely that the Government would negotiate an agreement with the EU, which would probably contain transitional arrangements as well as provide for the UK’s long-term future relations with the EU. There is no precedent for such an agreement, but it would in all likelihood come at the end of complex and lengthy negotiations.

The Treaty on European Union provides for a Member State to leave the EU, either on the basis of a negotiated withdrawal agreement or without one. If the UK were to leave the EU following a referendum, it is likely that the Government would negotiate an agreement with the EU, which would probably contain transitional arrangements as well as provide for the UK’s long-term future relations with the EU. There is no precedent for such an agreement, but it would in all likelihood come at the end of complex and lengthy negotiations.

The full impact of a UK withdrawal is impossible to predict, but from an assessment of the current EU role in a range of policy areas, it is possible to identify issues and estimate some of the impacts of removing the EU role in these areas. The implications would be greater in areas such as agriculture, trade and employment than they would in, say, education or culture.

As to whether UK citizens would benefit from leaving the EU, this would depend on how the UK Government of the day filled the policy gaps left by withdrawal from the EU. In some areas, the environment, for example, where the UK is bound by other international agreements, much of the content of EU law would probably remain. In others, it might be expedient for the UK to retain the substance of EU law, or for the Government to remove EU obligations from UK statutes.

Much would depend on whether the UK sought to remain in the European Economic Area (EEA) and therefore continue to have access to the single market, or preferred to go it alone and negotiate bilateral agreements with the EU.

Commons Briefing papers RP13-42. Author: Vaughne Miller

Topics: Economic policy, EU budget, EU defence policy, EU external relations, EU institutions, EU law and treaties, EU political integration, International law, International politics and government, International trade

07 STATEMENT FROM THE GOVERNOR OF THE BANK OF ENGLAND FOLLOWING THE EU REFERENDUM RESULT. 24 JUNE 2016

http://www.bankofengland.co.uk/publications/Pages/news/2016/056.aspx

The people of the United Kingdom have voted to leave the European Union.

Inevitably, there will be a period of uncertainty and adjustment following this result.

There will be no initial change in the way our people can travel, in the way our goods can move or the way our services can be sold.

And it will take some time for the United Kingdom to establish new relationships with Europe and the rest of the world.

Some market and economic volatility can be expected as this process unfolds.

But we are well prepared for this.  The Treasury and the Bank of England have engaged in extensive contingency planning and the Chancellor and I have been in close contact, including through the night and this morning.

The Bank will not hesitate to take additional measures as required as those markets adjust and the UK economy moves forward.

These adjustments will be supported by a resilient UK financial system – one that the Bank of England has consistently strengthened over the last seven years.

 The capital requirements of our largest banks are now ten times higher than before the crisis.

 The Bank of England has stress tested them against scenarios more severe than the country currently faces.

 As a result of these actions, UK banks have raised over £130bn of capital, and now have more than £600bn of high quality liquid assets.

 Why does this matter?

 This substantial capital and huge liquidity gives banks the flexibility they need to continue to lend to UK businesses and households, even during challenging times.

 Moreover, as a backstop, and to support the functioning of markets, the Bank of England stands ready to provide more than £250bn of additional funds through its normal facilities.

 The Bank of England is also able to provide substantial liquidity in foreign currency, if required.

 We expect institutions to draw on this funding if and when appropriate, just as we expect them to draw on their own resources as needed in order to provide credit, to support markets and to supply other financial services to the real economy.

 In the coming weeks, the Bank will assess economic conditions and will consider any additional policy responses.

 Conclusion

 A few months ago, the Bank judged that the risks around the referendum were the most significant, near-term domestic risks to financial stability.

 To mitigate them, the Bank of England has put in place extensive contingency plans.

 These begin with ensuring that the core of our financial system is well-capitalised, liquid and strong.

 This resilience is backed up by the Bank of England's liquidity facilities in sterling and foreign currencies.

 All these resources will support orderly market functioning in the face of any short-term volatility.

 The Bank will continue to consult and cooperate with all relevant domestic and international authorities to ensure that the UK financial system can absorb any stresses and can concentrate on serving the real economy.

 That economy will adjust to new trading relationships that will be put in place over time.

 It is these public and private decisions that will determine the UK's long-term economic prospects.

 The best contribution of the Bank of England to this process is to continue to pursue relentlessly our responsibilities for monetary and financial stability.

 These are unchanged.

 We have taken all the necessary steps to prepare for today's events.

 In the future we will not hesitate to take any additional measures required to meet our responsibilities as the United Kingdom moves forward.

( End of Quote)

DONALD J. TRUMP’S VISION. AN-AMERICAS-INFRASTRUCTURE-FIRST-PLAN

https://www.donaldjtrump.com/policies/an-americas-infrastructure-first-plan

Donald J, Trump, newly elected President of the United States, proposes to rebuilt America's economic strength by import substitution, and Keynesian policies. The proposed Americas infrastructure First Plan, clearly stated in this policy document, is worth of attention by the huge questions it focus on and by its immediate effect on employment and national production.

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Darcy Carvalho,
14 de jun de 2016 06:49
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Darcy Carvalho,
14 de jun de 2016 05:56
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Darcy Carvalho,
14 de jun de 2016 07:36
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Darcy Carvalho,
14 de jun de 2016 05:08
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Darcy Carvalho,
28 de nov de 2016 02:09
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Darcy Carvalho,
27 de jun de 2016 12:09
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Darcy Carvalho,
13 de jun de 2016 14:01
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Darcy Carvalho,
27 de jun de 2016 13:33
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Darcy Carvalho,
13 de jun de 2016 13:49
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