03 Inequality and Economic Development. Desigualdade e Desenvolvimento.

03 DESIGUALDADE E DESENVOLVIMENTO. INEQUALITY AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT. PROF. DR. DARCY CARVALHO. SÃO PAULO BRASIL. 2015

“The disparity in the distribution of household incomes has been rising over the past three decades in a vast majority of European countries and such long-term trend was interrupted only temporarily in the first years of the Great Recession.  Addressing these trends has moved to the top of the policy agenda in many countries. This is partly due to worries that a persistently unbalanced sharing of the growth dividend will result in social resentment, fuelling populist and protectionist sentiments, and leading to political instability. Recent discussions, particularly in the US, about increased inequality being one possible cause of the 2008 financial crisis also contributed to its relevance for policymaking. 

In most OECD countries, the gap between rich and poor is at its highest level since 30 years. Today, the richest 10 per cent of the population in the OECD area earn 9.5 times the income of the poorest 10 per cent; in the 1980s this ratio stood at 7:1 and has been rising continuously ever since. However, the rise in overall income inequality is not (only) about surging top income shares: often, incomes at the bottom grew much slower during the prosperous years and fell during downturns, putting relative (and in some countries, absolute) income poverty on the radar of policy concerns”.OECD.

http://www.oecd-ilibrary.org/social-issues-migration-health/trends-in-income-inequality-and-its-impact-on-economic-growth_5jxrjncwxv6j-en

The inequality of income distribution that also occurs in all developing countries around the world is the most distressing aspect of the modern economic development, side by side with environmental pollution, social disruption and widespread corruption.


Contents: 01 02 03 04 05

01 World Bank. Inequality and Economic Development in Brazil

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