06 Geopolítica da China. Geopolitics of China

GEOPOLÍTICA DA CHINA. GEOPOLITICS OF CHINA. DARCY CARVALHO. SÃO PAULO, SP, BRAZIL

Chinese Geopolitics and the Brics

Contents 01, 02, 03,
 
01
参考文献目巴西印度中国和南非 - 四国。料来源:巴西外交部。

CATÁLOGO BIBLIOGRÁFICO SOBRE OS BRICS. Itamaraty, Ministério das Relações Exteriores. Brasil

Catálogo Bibliográfico. Brasil, Rússia, Índia, China e África Do Sul – Brics . 692 páginas. Brasilia, 2011.

Bibliographic Catalogue Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa – Brics. Source: Brazilian Foreign Office.

Verwysing lyste van Brasilië, Rusland, Indië, China en Suid-Afrika - BRICS. Bron: Braziliaans Ministerie van Buitelandse Sake

Библиографический каталог Бразилия, Россия, Индия, Китай и Южная Африка. Источник: Бразильское Министерство иностранных дел.

ग्रन्थसूची सूचीपत्र ब्राजील, रूस, भारत, चीन और दक्षिण अफ्रीका – Brics. स्रोत: ब्राजील विदेश कार्यालय।

http://www.itamaraty.gov.br/temas-mais-informacoes/saiba-mais-bric/catalogo-bibliografico-do-brics

02

CHINA’S DESIGN AND PLAN FOR ITS RELATIONS WITH AFRICA IN THE 21ST CENTURY

China’s Economic and Political Penetration in Africa.” Clifton W. Pannell [1]

Abstract:  A senior American specialist on China and noted geographer presents a study of that country’s economic and political penetration into the African continent. The author identifies three key elements of China’s objectives and plan, namely (1) support for Chinese policies in international affairs, particularly with regard to Taiwan, (2) search for oil and other mineral resources, and (3) creation of a new market for Chinese goods and services in tandem with additional jobs in China. The paper includes four case studies highlighting economic activities stimulated by Chinese loans and investments in the Republic of South Africa, Egypt, Sudan, and Angola. Considerable attention is devoted to oil imports, exports of cheap consumer goods, and construction and repair of infrastructure by Chinese technicians and laborers, as well as the competition between Chinese imports and host-country manufacturing and the PRC’s diplomatic support of rogue African nations. Journal of Economic Literature, Classification Numbers: F020, F210, F350, F540. 11 figures, 1 table, 47 references.

Key words: China, Africa, Republic of South Africa, Egypt, Sudan, Angola, Darfur, UN sanctions, oil exports, military equipment, repair of infrastructure, Chinese minorities, One China policy.

China’s design and plan for its relations with Africa in the 21st century is centered on three key elements, namely (1) diplomacy and support for Chinese policies in international affairs, (2) search for resources, especially energy, and (3) new markets for Chinese products and services in tandem with creation of jobs. All of these elements were set in motion prior to the 21st century; however, the latter two have become major imperatives only in recent years.

As Wang Jian-Ye of the International Monetary Fund has argued, commercial activities—trade and investment—between China and various African countries have been the key drivers of interactions between China and its African partners in the last decade. It is these that are at the core of China-Africa economic relations today (Wang, 2007). The Chinese have had success in all three arenas, although they continue to encounter challenges and criticism as well.

“China’s Economic and Political Penetration in Africa.” Clifton W. Pannell. The  paper will provide background on the three elements of China’s Africa policy and will then proceed to examine several case studies for more details and understanding of the manner in which these policies have been invoked and put into operation in specific situations and countries. In some ways, this is a remarkable story of a different approach to

[1]Clifton W. Pannell  is Professor and Associate Dean, Emeritus, Department of Geography and Franklin College of Arts and Sciences, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602 (cpan @ uga.edu) and Co-Editor of Eurasian Geography and Economics.

The author wishes to thank Information International Associates (IIA) of Oak Ridge, TN for providing financial support, and particularly Ms. June Crowe, Senior Researcher and Project Manager at IIA, for oversight and valuable assistance during the course of gathering information on China’s activities in Africa. Ms. Wendy Giminski of the Graphics and Cartographic Services Office of the University of Georgia, whose contribution also is greatly appreciated, drafted the final maps and graphics presented in this paper.

O3 The Problem of China by Bertrand Russell. A Project Gutenberg E-Book 

Bertrand Russell's  assessment of China around 1922, her history, character  and prospects inside East-Asia.

CONTENTS

I. QUESTIONS

II. CHINA BEFORE THE NINETEENTH CENTURY

III. CHINA AND THE WESTERN POWERS

IV. MODERN CHINA

V. JAPAN BEFORE THE RESTORATION

VI. MODERN JAPAN

VII. JAPAN AND CHINA BEFORE 1914

VIII. JAPAN AND CHINA DURING THE WAR

IX.THE WASHINGTON CONFERENCE

X. PRESENT FORCES AND TENDENCIES IN THE FAR EAST

XI. CHINESE AND WESTERN CIVILIZATION CONTRASTED

XII. THE CHINESE CHARACTER

XIII. HIGHER EDUCATION IN CHINA

XIV. INDUSTRIALISM IN CHINA

THE OUTLOOK FOR CHINA  

SOURCE: 

http://ia902700.us.archive.org/25/items/theproblemofchin13940gut/13940-h/13940-h.htm                            

Ċ
Darcy Carvalho,
22 de fev de 2014 13:25
Ċ
Darcy Carvalho,
30 de mar de 2014 05:43
Ċ
Darcy Carvalho,
30 de mar de 2014 05:45
Comments