01 Geopolitics. Geopolítica.Geopolitik. GÉOPOLITIQUE

GEOPOLÍTICA . GEOPOLITICS. GÉOPOLITIQUE. GEOPOLITIK. PROF. DR. DARCY CARVALHO. FEA-USP. SÃO PAULO. BRAZIL. 2019

PRESENTATION AND CRITIQUE OF GEOPOLITICS. INTRODUCTORY TEXTS

A Geopolítica ocupa-se do Estado com entidade viva, políticamente atuante no âmbito internacional, condicionada por seu teatro geográfico. Geopoliticamente, o Estado individualiza-se por sua extensão, pela dotação de recursos naturais de seu território, pela dimensão demográfica, seus idiomas, cultura e desenvolvimento econômico e tecnológico.

Contents: 01 02 03 04
01 
Russel H. Fifield and. Etzel Pearcy: Geopolitics, in principle and in practice212 pages. Boston. 1944 

1 Geopolitics in  principle and Practice 
2

https://archive.org/details/GeopoliticsInPrincipleAndInPractice212PagesByRusselH.FifieldAnd

02 
Wolfgang Baumann: Geopolitik: ein zeitgemäßer Beitrag zum gesamtstaatlichen Führungsverfahren?
La géopolitique - une contribution contemporaine au leadership à l'échelle de l'État?
Geopolitics - a contemporary contribution to state-wide leadership?
Геополитика - современный вклад в общегосударственное лидерство?
Geopolítica - uma contribuição contemporânea para o processo de liderança de todo o estado?

Die Definitionen von Geopolitik. In    der    Brockhaus    Enzyklopädie    ist    die    „Geopolitik“    als
„Grenzwissenschaft zwischen Geographie, Staatenkunde, Geschichte und Gesellschaftswissenschaft,  begründet      und      zu      einer Staatswissenschaft  erhoben von  R.  Kjellén,  in  Deutschland  u.a.  von K.  Haushofer  vertreten,  sucht  die  Beziehungen  zwischen  politischen Gegebenheiten und Raum zu erforschen. Nach dem Ersten Weltkrieg wurden in Deutschland geopolitische Theorien (z.B. Lebensraum) von Gruppen  der  extremen  politischen  Rechten  agitatorisch  vertreten (besonders von den Nationalsozialisten). Seit 1945 sind geopolitische


CRITICAL GEOPOLITICS. MERJE  KUUS. UNIVERSITY OF BRITISH COLUMBIA

Critical geopolitics investigates the geographical assumptions and designations that enter into the making of world politics (Agnew 2003:2). It seeks to illuminate and explain the practices by which political actors spatialize international politics and represent it as a “world” characterized by particular types of places (Ó Tuathail and Agnew 1992:190). This strand of analysis approaches geopolitics not as a neutral consideration of pre-given “geographical” facts, but as a deeply ideological and politicized form of analysis. Eschewing the traditional question of how geography does or can influence politics, it investigates how geographical claims and assumptions function in political debates and political practice. In so doing, it seeks to disrupt mainstream geopolitical discourses: not to study the geography of politics within pre-given, commonsense places, but to foreground “the politics of the geographical specification of politics” (Dalby 1991:274). Critical geopolitics is not a neatly delimited field, but the diverse works characterized as such all focus on the processes through which political practice is bound up with territorial definition. 

Merje Kuus is Associate Professor of Geography at the University of British Columbia. Her work focuses on geopolitics and contemporary Europe. Dr. Kuus is the author of Geopolitics Reframed: Security and Identity in Europe’s Eastern Enlargement (2007) as well as numerous articles on security, identity, and intellectuals of statecraft. She is currently working on a long-term project on the transformations of political space at the external borders of the EU.

 

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