9.5 Quinta Declinação

BIBLIOGRAFIA. A GENERAL BRAZILIAN BIBLIOGRAPHY FOR THE STUDY OF THE LATIN LANGUAGE

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QUINTA DECLINAÇÃO.

APRESENTAÇÃO: NA QUINTA DECLINAÇÃO O NOMINATIVO, NO SINGULAR E NO PLURAL, TERMINA  EM  –ES; O GENITIVO SINGULAR É IGUAL AO DATIVO SINGULAR E TERMINA EM –EI. NO PLURAL O GENITIVO TERMINA EM –ERUM. TODOS OS VOCABULOS DESTA DECLINAÇÃO SÃO FEMININOS, EXCETO DIES,  DIEI QUE É MASCULINO.

Todas as gramaticas escolares afirmam que a quinta declinação só tem dois vocabulos com declinação completa DIES, DIEI e  RES, REI. Entretanto, do ponto de vista do latim moderno, a quinta é uma declinação como as demais, e perfeitamente operacional. Adam Bishop de Toronto realizou uma busca de palabras da quinta declinação registradas em tres importantes  dicionarios, inclusive no  de  LEWIS AND SHORT, que existe online: A NEW LATIN DICTIONARY .

http://archive.org/details/LewisAndShortANewLatinDictionary  

BISHOP encontrou o seguinte:  [QUOTE.]  Vocabulary – Latin Fifth Declension. This is a list of fifth declension nouns found in Lewis and Short, Cassell’s, and the Oxford Latin Dictionary. They are divided into related groupings. The fifth declension nouns are almost always feminine, except for dies (day), which is feminine in general, but masculine when referring to a particular day of the week or other important day.  [...] However, most of the nouns do not have attested plurals. Some of the nouns will be encountered more frequently than the others. NOUNS USED MOST FREQUENTLY: - caesaries – hair; - dies – day; -antemeridies – morning; -meridies – midday, south; -semidies – half day;- facies – face, form, shape -bonifacies – handsome; -superficies – surface, building; - fides – faith;- progenies – progeny, offspring, generation;- res – matter, affair, thing; - series – succession, sequence, series;- species – appearance, form, image, pretense;o factispecies – facts;- spes – hope. ALTERNATE FORM OF –IA. A majority of the nouns are an alternate form of a noun ending in –ia (or sometimes –ium). These are often derived from a second or third declension adjective: - amicities – friendliness (amicitia, amicus); - avarities – greed (avaritia, avarus);- barbaries – barbarism (barbaria, barbarus);- blandities – flattery (bladitia, blandus);- calvities – baldness (calvitium, calvus ); - canities – greyness, old age (canitia, canus); - desidies – idleness (desidia); - durities – hardness, severity (duritia, durus);- effigies – likeness, portrait (effigia);- fallacies – trick, deception (fallacia, fallax);- lanicies – wool (lanicia, lana);- lentities – toughness, stickiness (lentitia, lentus);- luxuries – extravagance, luxury (luxuria, luxus);- maceries – wall (maceria);- materies – matter, material (materia);- minuties – smallness (minutia, minutus);- mollities – softness, weakness (mollitia, mollis);- mundities   leanliness (munditia, mundus);  immundities – uncleanliness (immunditia); - muries – brine, pickle (muria);- prosapies – race, family (prosapia);- nequities – badness, wickedness (nequitia, nequam);- nigrities – blackness (nigritia, niger);- notities – fame, celebrity (notitia, notus);- pigrities – laziness, sloth (pigritia, piger);- pinguities – fatness (pinguitia, pinguis);- planities – plain (planitia, planus);- puerities – childhood (pueritia, puer);- saevities – cruelty, savageness (saevitia, saevus);- scabrities – roughness, itchiness (scabritia);- segnities – slowness, laziness (segnitia, segnis);- spurcities – filth, dirt (spurcitia, spurcus);- tristities – sadness (tristitia, tristis). ALTERNATE FORM OF –TAS OR –TUDO: Some are an alternate form of a third declension noun ending in –tas or –tudo, ultimately from a second or third declension adjective:- almities – kindness (almitas, almus);- amarities – bitterness (amaritas, amaritudo, amarus);- crassities – thickness (crassitas, crassitudo, crassus);- lenities – gentleness (lenitas, lenitudo, lenis);- magnities – greatness, size (magnitudo, magnus);- navities – diligence, zeal (navitas, navus);- pauperies – poverty (paupertas, pauper);- pernicies – destruction, death (pernicitas, pernix);- sordities – filth (sorditudo, sordes, -is);- tardities – slowness, lateness (tarditas, tarditudo, tardus);- vanities – vanity, emptiness (vanitas, vanitudo, vanus);- vastities – ruin, destruction (vastitas, vastitudo, vastus). OTHER FORMS: [1] Some are derived from a second or third declension noun or adjective:- acies – edge, sharpness, line of battle (acer);- alluvies – an overflow of water or land (alluvio, -onis);o colluvies – collection of filth, impurities (colluvio, -onis);o diluvies – flood (diluvio, -onis);o eluvies – washing away, overflowing (elluvio, -onis);o illuvies – uncleanliness, inundation (illuvio, -onis);o interluvies – strait, flowing water (interluvio, -onis);o proluvies – overflow, inundation (proluvio, -onis);o subluvies – filth, dirt (subluvio, -onis);- imbalnities – filthiness ([im] balneum);- internecies – massacre, slaughter (internecio, -onis);- macies – thinness, meagreness (macer);- pullities – young bird (pullus);- sanies – blood, fluid (sanguis);- saties – sufficiency, abundance (satias, -atis, satis);- suberies – cork tree (suber); [2] Some are derived from a verb: - balbuties – stammering (balbutio);- congeries – heap, pile (congero);o digeries – distribution (digero);o egeries – excrement (egero);o intergeries – wall, partition (intergero);- esuries – hunger (esurio);- glacies – ice (glacio);- imperfundies – filth ([im]perfundo);- ingluvies – gluttony ([in]glutio);- prosicies – sacrifice (proseco);- rabies – rage, madness (rabio);- scabies – roughness, itchiness (scabo);- temperies – mixture, temperature, temper (tempero);o intemperies – intemperance, storm, bad weather. OTHER FORMS:  - caries – decay (from caro? Would it then be carnies?);- permities – ruin, destruction (distinct from pernicies, according to Lewis and Short);- plebs (common people) also has a fifth-declension variant plebes;- requies (rest) also has a fifth declension variant.  SOURCE: ADAM BISHOP.        http://individual.utoronto.ca/adambishop/Fifthdeclension.htm       [ END OF QUOTE].  Consultar também:   ROBY, HENRY JOHN, 1830-1915: A GRAMMAR OF THE LATIN LANGUAGE FROM PLAUTUS TO SUETONIUS (1887)  


http://individual.utoronto.ca/adambishop/Fifthdeclension.htm

http://archive.org/details/grammaroflatinla00robyuoft    

Ċ
Darcy Carvalho,
20 de jul de 2014 19:31
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